Top Tier K9 invented the term Foundation Dog®. It is used to describe a dog trained to very specific levels of capability. A Foundation Dog® is selected as a 4-5 week old puppy and then trained through a 12 week program on 50 elements that roll up into 4 functions: tracking, scent detection, protection/apprehension and advanced obedience. A Foundation Dog® is ready for finishing school as a Police K9, Military k9, Service Dog, Sport Dog, Security Dog...ready to be exposed to mission critical scenarios and specific theaters of operations. A Foundation Dog can usually be deployed within 8 weeks of acquisition and that includes handler training and transitioning the dog to the new pack.